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The rising was a military failure and had little support among the public.
However, the harsh response of the British government and particularly its execution of the rising's leaders won many over to the cause.
A rebellion that it launched in 1848, however, was easily defeated.
The second half of the 1840s was one of the grimmest periods in Irish history.
Due to the great famine caused by the crop failure of Ireland's staple food—the potato—millions died or emigrated.
The second half of the nineteenth century saw increased nationalistic demands for self-government and land reform, most notably in the activities of the Home Rule Movement under the leadership of Charles Stewart Parnell.
Ulster is made up of nine counties; the northeastern six constitute Northern Ireland.
The area of the Republic of Ireland is 27,137 square miles, that of Northern Ireland is 5,458 square miles.
A forceful resistance to the English reconquest of Ireland was led by the Northern chieftain Hugh O'Neill at the end of the sixteenth century.Though home rule was finally passed in 1914, it was deferred because of the onset of World War I.On Easter Monday in 1916 a small force of Irish nationalists rebelled in Dublin against British rule.To keep the Irish subservient and powerless the English enacted a series of brutal penal laws, which succeeded so well that eighteenth century Catholic Ireland was economically and socially wasted.In 1800, two years after the defeat of the rebellion of Protestant and Catholic United Irishmen led by Wolfe Tone, the Act of Union was passed, combining Great Britain and Ireland into one United Kingdom.
About 95 percent of the Republic's population is Roman Catholic; most of the rest are Protestant.